How Does Diabetes Affect Oral Health?

Posted by BOUTIQUE DENTAL Mar 30, 2023

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Diabetes is a disease that affects the body's ability to process sugar. It prevents the body from producing enough insulin or stops the body from utilizing insulin properly. Type 1 diabetes occurs when the immune system attacks the cells in the pancreas, which are responsible for producing insulin. Type 2 diabetes occurs when the body becomes resistant to insulin or doesn't make enough insulin. People with diabetes can develop problems with their teeth and gums. This is especially true when there is poor blood sugar control. Poor blood sugar control can delay the healing of oral wounds, increase oral bacteria, and cause dry mouth.

Diabetes also increases your risk of gum disease, as high blood glucose levels in your blood cause damage to your blood vessels and nerves. This damage increases the likelihood of poor gum health. Your gums may bleed easily and become tender, red, swollen, or receded. You may also notice that you have bad breath or a bad taste in your mouth. 

If you have diabetes and you visit your dentist regularly, you can work together to keep your teeth and gums healthy. However, if you have any kind of advanced stages of the disease, you may need to see your general physician in addition to visiting the dentist. This is because damaged blood vessels and nerves make it more difficult for your tissues to heal after an oral procedure. For this reason, you may require more than a routine dental cleaning to keep your gums from deteriorating further. This is especially true if you've recently been diagnosed with diabetes.

How Can I Care for My Oral Health if I Have Diabetes?

If you have diabetes, your teeth and gums are at risk for infection and decay due to high blood glucose levels. Maintaining good oral hygiene is the best way to prevent cavities and gum disease. Brush your teeth twice per day, floss at least once a day, and rinse with an antibacterial mouthwash to kill harmful bacteria in your mouth. Regular professional cleanings can help keep your gums healthy by removing plaque and tartar buildup that your toothbrush can't reach. Dental checkups and cleanings are especially important for patients with diabetes and help keep teeth and gums healthy while managing blood glucose levels. 

Visit Boutique Dental at 68-35 Myrtle Ave, Queens, NY 11385, or call (718) 821-0170 to schedule an appointment.

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